1.Explain how corporations operate as the core of the U.S. economy. How has the globalization of the economy made many corporations much larger? What are conglomerates? Look ahead to the world’s economy at mid-century: Do you think large multinational corporations will dominate the world more than they do now? Is this good for the world’s people? Why or why not?

Choose two of the following essay questions to answer:

1.Explain how corporations operate as the core of the U.S. economy. How has the globalization of the economy made many corporations much larger? What are conglomerates? Look ahead to the world’s economy at mid-century: Do you think large multinational corporations will dominate the world more than they do now? Is this good for the world’s people? Why or why not?

2.What have sociologists learned about the causes and character of war? That is, why do nations go to war? What strategies seem effective to prevent war? Finally, how is terrorism a new form of twenty-first century warfare?

3.Given the fact that we are entering the Information Age, with ever expanding access to communication and information, what are the prospects for a new “online democracy?” What are the advantages of everyone being able to express an opinion on any issue? What are the disadvantages and dangers? What is your view of such “direct democracy” as opposed to “representative democracy?”

Examination #4 Details Directions:Each question is based on 50% written communication and 50% content.

Choose two of the following essay questions:

1.Any family is really many families as it changes over time. Consider how families typically change as people move through the life course. Describe the major traits of family life beginning with courtship, settling into marriage, child rearing, and later life. What special opportunities and challenges can you see in each stage?

2.Based on the ideas of Emile Durkheim, identify three societal functions of religion. In light of these functions, do you think that a decline in the importance of religion might threaten U.S. society? If so, how? Could the family and, perhaps, school “take over” some of religion’s functions? Why or why not?

3.
Compare and contrast the six world religions surveyed in the chapter. What do they have in common? How do they differ? What are the general differences between Western and Eastern religions?

Examination #6 Details Directions:Each question is based on 50% written communication and 50% content.

Choose two of the following essay questions:

1.Explain how schooling differs in various countries and differs depending on whether one lives in an industrialized or a preindustrial country.

2.Following the social-conflict paradigm, what are the problems in the American educational system? Consider quality of public schooling, inequality among schools, and access to higher education. Consider class, gender, race, and ethnicity in your essay.

3.
Describe patterns of health in low-income countries. What are the most common diseases and causes of death? How do such patterns compare with high-income nations?


Examination #8
Details Directions: Each question is based on 50% written communication and 50% content.

Choose two of the following essay questions:

1.Describe the characteristics of a crowd. What are the various kinds of crowds? Explain the different theories of crowd behavior.

2.What is meant by the “environmental deficit?” What are the implications of this concept for the world today and for the future?

3.What is modernity? How do modern societies differ from traditional societies? Discuss Peter Berger’s ideas about the traits of modernity. Consider the defining traits of modernity according to Töennies, Durkheim, Weber, and Marx.

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